Microwaves are one of the essential appliances in today’s kitchen. They provide us with quick and easy heating options for our meals. However, it can be frustrating when they start to malfunction. You might find yourself wondering why your microwave isn’t heating up or why the plate is not rotating. It’s essential to know the most common microwave problems and how to fix them. In this article, we will go over step-by-step tips on how to troubleshoot and fix the most common microwave issues. By following these easy and straightforward solutions, you can save money on repairs and enjoy using your microwave with peace of mind. Let’s dive in!
- Microwave Not Heating Up
- Microwave Runs but Doesn’t Heat
- Microwave Plate Doesn’t Rotate
- Microwave Buttons Not Working
Microwave Sparks Inside
- Remove Any Metal When your microwave sparks inside, one of the possible reasons could be the presence of metal. Metals start reflecting the microwave energy, which leads to small sparks originating inside the oven. To fix this issue, first, unplug the microwave from the power source. Then, inspect the food item you’re cooking and ensure that there are no metal pieces or aluminum foil inside. Secondly, check the rack inside the oven. If it’s made of metal, it needs to be removed. Next, ensure that there are no metallic objects, such as a spoon or fork, inside the oven. If you’re still noticing sparks inside, check the walls of the oven. If there are any paint chips or rust, it could lead to sparking. To fix it, clean the interior walls of the oven. You can do this by using a damp cloth or sponge and mild dishwashing soap. Lastly, check the waveguide cover. If it’s damaged or has food stuck to it, it could lead to sparking. Remove the cover and clean it with a damp cloth or sponge. If it’s damaged, replace it with a new one. Taking these precautions can reduce the risk of sparks being created inside the microwave due to metal and ensure that your microwave operates safely. Clean Oven Walls When a microwave sparks inside, it can be a scary situation. One of the potential causes of these sparks is dirty oven walls. Over time, food splatters and debris can build up on the walls of the microwave, causing electrical arcing and potentially damaging the appliance. To clean the oven walls, follow these steps: Unplug the Microwave: Safety should always be your first priority. Unplug the microwave to prevent any accidental electrical shock or injury. Mix a Cleaning Solution: Create a cleaning solution by mixing equal parts water and vinegar in a bowl or spray bottle. Alternatively, you can use a commercial microwave cleaner. Apply the Solution: Apply the cleaning solution to a clean sponge or cloth. Then, carefully wipe the entire interior of the microwave with the sponge, paying close attention to the walls. Be sure to get into all the corners and crevices. Rinse and Dry: With a new clean damp cloth or sponge, rinse the walls thoroughly with water to remove any cleaning residue. Dry the interior with a clean, dry cloth or paper towel. Inspect for Damage: Inspect the walls for any signs of damage or warping. If you notice any issues, contact a professional for repairs before using the microwave again. Prevent Future Buildup: Avoid future buildup by covering food in the microwave and cleaning any spills promptly. Consider regularly cleaning your microwave every few weeks to keep it in top condition. By following these steps, you can prevent sparks in your microwave and keep it in top condition for years to come. Look at Waveguide Cover When your microwave is sparking on the inside, it can be a terrifying experience. Not only is it dangerous, it can also be a sign of underlying issues with your appliance. One of the components that could be causing sparks is the waveguide cover. Here’s what you need to know about this particular microwave problem: What is the waveguide cover? The waveguide cover is a panel made of mica that covers the opening in the side or ceiling of the microwave. It protects the antenna that directs the microwaves into the cooking compartment. When food splatters or grease accumulates on the waveguide cover, it can cause sparking, which can damage the microwave and even start a fire. How to examine the waveguide cover? To examine the waveguide cover, first, you need to unplug your microwave and remove the cover from the inside of the oven. Look for any signs of burns or damage on the cover. If you see any holes, cracks, or burns, it may be time to replace it. If the cover is dirty, use a gentle soap and hot water to clean it. Avoid using abrasive materials or harsh chemicals that could damage the cover. Where to find the waveguide cover? If you need to replace the waveguide cover, you can usually find a replacement at an appliance parts store or online. To ensure you get the right cover for your model, check your microwave’s user manual or contact the manufacturer for assistance. Why is the waveguide cover important? The waveguide cover is an important safety feature in your microwave as it prevents microwaves from escaping and damaging sensitive electronic components or injuring you or anyone in the vicinity. Make sure you keep it clean and replace it if damaged or burned. By examining and maintaining the waveguide cover, you can help ensure that your microwave operates safely and efficiently, without any sparking or other issues. Remember to always exercise caution and disconnect the power supply before performing any repairs or inspections on your microwave. Conclusion In conclusion, if you are experiencing any issues with your microwave, don’t fret. With some basic troubleshooting and a little bit of know-how, you can easily fix most common problems yourself. Remember to always unplug your microwave before attempting any repairs or inspections. Here are some key takeaways: – If your microwave isn’t heating up, check the power source, diode, capacitor, and magnetron. – If your microwave runs but doesn’t heat, inspect the door switches, high voltage transformer, control board, and test for continuity. – If your microwave plate isn’t rotating, check the drive coupling, turntable motor, and roller guide. – If your microwave buttons aren’t working, clean the control panel, reset the microwave, or replace the control board. – If you see sparks inside the microwave, remove any metal, clean the oven walls, and check the waveguide cover. Remember: these are just a few of the most common problems, and there may be other issues that require professional repair. If you’re unsure, always consult with a qualified technician. With a little bit of patience and determination, you can save yourself time and money by fixing your microwave yourself. Don’t let a malfunctioning appliance ruin your day – take charge and get your microwave running smoothly again in no time! Frequently Asked Questions How do I know if my microwave is not heating up?
- Can I fix my microwave myself?
- Why is my microwave running but not heating?
- What is the most common cause of microwave sparks?
- What should I do if my microwave is sparking?
- How do I reset my microwave?
- Why is my microwave plate not rotating?
- What can I use to clean the inside of my microwave?
- Is it safe to use my microwave if it’s making a strange noise?
- How often should I replace my microwave?
Microwave Not Heating Up
When you’re in a hurry and want to reheat your food quickly, a malfunctioning microwave can be quite frustrating. Finding out that your microwave is not heating up can leave you puzzled and confused. However, there’s no need to panic yet. In this section, we will explore the possible causes of your microwave not heating up, and provide you with step-by-step solutions to get your appliance up and running in no time. So let’s take a closer look at some of the most common reasons your microwave is not heating up.
Before we dive into the solutions, it’s important to note that proper maintenance of your microwave can prevent some of these issues. Check out our microwave maintenance tips for best practices, safety measures and ways to keep your microwave functioning correctly for longer.
Check the Power Source
When your microwave won’t heat up, it’s important to first check the power source. This is often the easiest issue to fix, and can save you time and money in repairs. Here are the steps to follow:
- Step 1: Check that the microwave is properly plugged into a working outlet. If it’s not, try plugging it into a different outlet to see if the problem persists.
- Step 2: If the plug and outlet seem fine, use a multimeter to test the outlet’s voltage. The reading should be between 110-120 volts AC.
- Step 3: If the outlet is working properly, test the microwave’s power cord using a multimeter. If the cord is faulty, it will need to be replaced.
- Step 4: If the power cord is fine, check the fuse or circuit breaker that controls the microwave. If it’s blown or reset, replace the fuse or reset the circuit breaker.
By following these steps, you can quickly determine if the issue is related to the power source and take the necessary actions to fix it. It’s always important to follow best practices for microwave safety, such as using only microwave-safe containers and avoiding metal objects. Regularly cleaning the microwave can also help prevent issues, and cleaning it correctly can prevent stains and odors from becoming a problem. If necessary, filter replacement is also important in keeping the microwave functioning properly. Finally, if your microwave continues to have issues, it may be time to consult a professional or replace the appliance altogether.
Inspect the Diode
When your microwave isn’t heating up, one of the possible culprits could be a malfunctioning diode. The diode’s function is to convert the A/C power output of the transformer to D/C, which doubles the voltage to nearly 5,000 volts. This high voltage then powers the magnetron, which creates the microwaves that heat your food. If the diode is defective, it can’t convert the power, resulting in a non-functioning magnetron.
To inspect the diode, first, make sure the microwave is unplugged and discharge the high voltage capacitor to prevent any harm. Then, locate the diode near the magnetron and use a multimeter to test it. Check the continuity of the diode by placing one probe of the multimeter on the diode’s cathode and the other to its anode. If there’s no continuity, the diode is faulty and needs to be replaced.
Besides, you should verify if the diode is physically damaged or burned out, in which case it must also be replaced. If the diode is indeed broken, purchase a new one from the manufacturer or a reliable supplier and replace it following the manufacturer’s instructions.
It’s worth noting that several microwave problems can be fixed by replacing a broken part, like a filter or capacitor. Check your microwave’s manual to see if it lists parts that can be replaced, or consult a professional technician.
Taking care of your microwave is essential to extend its longevity. Regular cleaning is one of its significant maintenance tasks, which you can learn more about in our article on /clean-microwave-correctly/. Additionally, using microwave cleaners like the ones listed in our guide on /best-microwave-cleaners/ can help keep it in top shape.
Be careful not to put anything made of metal or conductive material inside the microwave, as this can cause a sparking hazard that damages the appliance or worse, leads to injury or fire. For more safety tips, check out our article on /prevent-microwave-explosions/.
Examining the diode is just one of the steps you can take to diagnose why your microwave isn’t heating up correctly. However, if you don’t feel comfortable dealing with the device’s interior, the safer option is to have a professional troubleshoot and repair your microwave.
Examine the Capacitor
When a microwave is not heating up, one of the potential culprits could be a faulty capacitor. The capacitor plays an essential role in supplying the high voltage needed for the magnetron to produce microwaves. If the capacitor is not functioning as it should, then the microwave won’t be able to heat up food properly.
To examine the capacitor, first, unplug the microwave and discharge the capacitor before proceeding. The capacitor is usually located near the magnetron and has a cylindrical shape with wires attached to its terminals. Here are some steps to follow:
- Check for visible signs of damage: Inspect the capacitor for any signs of burns, cracks, bulges, or leaking fluid. If you find any of these signs, then you need to replace it with a new one.
- Test the capacitor with a multimeter: Set your multimeter to the capacitance setting, then discharge the capacitor and remove it from the appliance. With the multimeter leads, touch the capacitor terminals to test it. A good capacitor should read the capacitance value listed on the capacitor itself, which can also be found in the microwave’s manual. If your multimeter displays a zero reading or a significantly lower value, then it means that your capacitor is faulty and needs replacement.
- Replace the capacitor: If the capacitor is found to be defective, you can easily replace it. Look at the manual or search for your microwave’s model number online to find the correct replacement part. When you have the new capacitor, plug it into the same connectors where the old one was attached. Make sure that you wear gloves and take all necessary safety precautions when installing the new capacitor.
Remember, if you are not comfortable or familiar with repairing electrical appliances, it’s best to seek professional help. You can also refer to other related articles on our website, such as “Microwave Filter Replacement” for more information on keeping your microwave in good working condition.
Test the Magnetron
When testing the magnetron, it’s important to be cautious as it operates under high voltage and can cause harm if not handled properly. Here are the steps to test the magnetron:
- Step 1: Unplug the microwave and discharge the high voltage capacitor. This can be done by shorting the capacitor terminals with an insulated screwdriver.
- Step 2: Locate the magnetron, which is often found behind the control panel.
- Step 3: Remove the magnetron’s connections and remove it from the microwave.
- Step 4: Use a multimeter to test the magnetron’s resistance. Set the multimeter to the highest resistance range.
- Step 5: Touch one probe to the magnetron’s terminal and the other to its outer casing. There should be no continuity. If there is, the magnetron is faulty and needs to be replaced.
- Step 6: If the magnetron’s resistance test passes, do a “continuity test” to ensure that the magnetron is not grounded to the microwave’s wall. You can do this by placing one probe on the magnetron’s metal case and the other probe on the chassis of the microwave. There should be no continuity. If there is, it means the magnetron is not properly insulated and needs to be replaced.
It’s important to note that if the magnetron does need to be replaced, it should only be done by a professional as it involves handling high voltage components. By following these steps, you can properly test the magnetron to diagnose any microwave heating issues.
As a side note, always remember to remove any metal objects from the microwave before using it to prevent sparking. If you do encounter sparking, refer to our guide on removing stains and odors from the microwave or check for any problems with the waveguide cover.
Microwave Runs but Doesn’t Heat
Has your microwave been running but not heating up your food? This can be frustrating when you’re in a rush and need a hot meal quickly. There are several reasons why this problem could be occurring. In this section, we will explore some common causes of microwaves running without heating up, and provide step-by-step solutions to help you fix the issue. Before we dive in, it’s important to note that safety should always be a top priority when working with any electrical appliance. If you have any doubts or concerns about your ability to safely troubleshoot your microwave, it’s best to call a professional. Now, let’s get started!
Inspect Door Switches
One of the most common problems that arise while using a microwave oven is when it runs but doesn’t heat up the food. There can be several reasons behind this issue, including malfunctioning door switches, a faulty high voltage transformer, or a damaged control board. In this section, we will focus on how to inspect door switches and fix them if needed.
Door switches of a microwave oven are responsible for the proper functioning of it. These switches control various operations like turning off the microwave when the door is opened, releasing the latch of the door, and more. If the door switches malfunction, they can prevent the microwave from heating up, even when the machine seems to work fine. Here are the steps to check the door switches:
|Step 1:||Unplug your microwave from the power outlet and make sure that it is not running.|
|Step 2:||Locate the door switches, which are usually situated at the front of your microwave behind the control panel.|
|Step 3:||Use a multimeter to check if the switches are functioning correctly.|
|Step 4:||Remove the wires from the switches and check for continuity when the switch is activated.|
|Step 5:||If the switches are not working, replace them with a new set of door switches that are compatible with your microwave model.|
If your microwave still doesn’t heat up after inspecting and fixing the door switches, then you might want to have a look at other components like the high voltage transformer or control board.
Note: Always remember to unplug the microwave before attempting to fix any of its components. To keep your microwave at its best, regularly clean it from inside and outside using these tips to remove stains and odors from your microwave. Also, never put any metals in the microwave, as they can cause dangerous sparks or even a fire.
Look at the High Voltage Transformer
One of the potential culprits for a microwave that runs but doesn’t heat is a malfunctioning high voltage transformer. This component is responsible for receiving power from the electrical outlet and transforming it into the high voltage needed to power the magnetron, which is responsible for generating heat.
If you suspect that the high voltage transformer may be the culprit of your microwave’s heating issues, there are a few steps you can take to diagnose and potentially fix the problem:
- Unplug the microwave: Before starting any kind of repair work on your microwave, it’s important to unplug it from the electrical outlet to avoid any risk of electric shock.
- Locate the high voltage transformer: Depending on the model of your microwave, the high voltage transformer may be located in different places, such as underneath the magnetron or behind the control panel. Consult your owner’s manual or do some research online to find out where it is located in your specific model.
- Inspect the transformer for physical damage: Use a flashlight to inspect the high voltage transformer for any signs of physical damage, such as cracks, burns, or leaks. If you notice any damage, the transformer will need to be replaced.
- Test the transformer for continuity: Using a multimeter, you can test the continuity of the high voltage transformer to see if it’s functioning properly. Follow the instructions in your owner’s manual or do some research online for specific testing procedures for your model. If you find that the transformer is not functioning properly, it will need to be replaced.
Remember, the high voltage transformer is a high voltage component, so it’s important to take appropriate safety measures and avoid touching any live wires or electrical components when inspecting or repairing it. If you’re not comfortable working with high voltage components, it’s best to leave the repairs to a professional.
Examine the Control Board
When a microwave runs but doesn’t heat, it could also be due to a malfunctioning control board. While this isn’t a common issue, it is still worth examining the control board to rule it out as a potential problem. Here’s what you need to do:
- Unplug the microwave: Safety always comes first. Before you start examining any components of your microwave, make sure it’s unplugged.
- Locate the control board: It’s usually found behind the control panel.
- Inspect the control board: Check for any visible signs of damage, like burn marks or a blown-out fuse.
- Look for loose connections: Over time, wires and connectors can loosen due to normal wear and tear. Check for any visibly loose wires and connectors and tighten them if necessary.
- Test the board: Using a multi-meter, test the control board for continuity. If the board fails the continuity test, it must be replaced.
Keep in mind that control boards can be expensive to replace, so it’s essential to make sure the issue isn’t caused by something else before you decide to replace it. If you’re not comfortable examining the control board yourself, it’s best to call a professional technician to help diagnose and fix the problem.
Test for Continuity
When a microwave runs but doesn’t heat, one possible cause might be a lack of continuity in the electrical circuits. To test for continuity, follow these steps:
- Unplug the microwave: Before removing any parts or performing any testing, make sure your microwave is unplugged to avoid any potential electrical hazards.
- Access the control panel: To access the control panel, you may need to remove the microwave’s outer casing. Consult the owner’s manual for specific instructions, as the process can differ depending on the make and model of your microwave.
- Locate the high-voltage diode and the magnetron: In order to test for continuity, you need to access the high-voltage diode and the magnetron. These components are usually located near one another and are connected by wires.
- Remove the wires: Carefully remove the wires connecting the high-voltage diode and the magnetron to the microwave’s circuit board. Take note of their location so you can reattach them correctly later.
- Set your multimeter: Set your multimeter to measure continuity. Consult your multimeter’s instruction manual if you’re unsure how to do this.
- Test the high-voltage diode: With your multimeter set to measure continuity, touch the probes to the terminals of the high-voltage diode. The multimeter should read continuity in one direction but not in the other. If the diode does not show continuity in either direction, it may be defective and need to be replaced.
- Test the magnetron: Touch the multimeter probes to the magnetron’s terminals to test for continuity. Again, the multimeter should show continuity in one direction but not in the other. If the magnetron does not have continuity in either direction, that may be the issue and you’ll need to replace it.
- Reattach the wires: Once you’ve confirmed that the high-voltage diode and magnetron are functioning properly, reattach their wires to the microwave’s circuit board in the correct order.
- Reassemble the microwave: Carefully put the outer casing back on your microwave and plug it back in. Test it out by running the microwave for a minute or two to see if it heats up properly.
Testing for continuity can help you determine whether the high-voltage diode or the magnetron is causing your microwave’s lack of heating. By following these steps, you can diagnose the problem and potentially fix the issue yourself.
Microwave Plate Doesn’t Rotate
Have you ever put food in your microwave, only to find out that the plate isn’t rotating? This can be frustrating, as it can cause uneven heating and cooking of your food. Don’t worry, there are several reasons why this might be happening, and even better, there are simple fixes for each one. Let’s dive into some possible causes and solutions for this problem.
Check the Drive Coupling
One common reason why the microwave plate may not rotate is due to a damaged or worn-out drive coupling. The drive coupling is a small plastic piece that connects the turntable motor to the glass tray and is responsible for rotating it. Here are the steps to check the drive coupling:
- Unplug the Microwave: Always make sure the microwave is unplugged from its power source before attempting any repairs.
- Remove the Tray: Remove the glass tray and set it aside.
- Inspect the Drive Coupling: Look at the drive coupling near the center of the microwave base. If it is worn-out or damaged, it will need to be replaced.
- Replace the Drive Coupling: If the drive coupling is damaged, you can purchase a replacement from a local appliance repair shop or online. Simply remove the old coupling by gently pulling it off the motor shaft, and snap the new one in place.
- Test the Microwave: After replacing the drive coupling, test the microwave by running it with a small load to ensure that the plate is now rotating.
Remember to always be cautious when attempting any repairs on your microwave, and always consult a professional if you don’t feel comfortable doing it yourself. Don’t forget to plug the microwave back in after completing the repairs.
Inspect the Turntable Motor
If your microwave’s plate doesn’t rotate, the turntable motor may be at fault. Here are a few steps to inspect and troubleshoot the motor:
- Step 1: Unplug the microwave from the wall and remove the plate and turntable support to access the motor.
- Step 2: Look at the motor for any visible signs of damage or wear, such as burning or worn-out gears.
- Step 3: If the motor looks okay, use a multimeter to test it for continuity. If there is no continuity, the motor is faulty and needs to be replaced.
- Step 4: If the motor has continuity, check the wiring and connections for any damage or loose connections. Tightening the connections or replacing damaged wires may solve the problem.
- Step 5: If everything looks alright but the motor still doesn’t work, replace the motor with a new one.
Remember to always follow proper safety procedures when inspecting or handling components of your microwave. If you don’t feel comfortable or confident with any step, it’s best to contact a professional technician to handle the job for you.
Examine the Roller Guide
When your microwave plate isn’t rotating, it might be an issue with the roller guide. Here’s what you can do to examine and fix the problem.
1. Unplug the Microwave – Before you start examining the roller guide, it’s important to unplug the microwave to avoid any power-related accidents.
2. Remove the Plate and the Support – Take out the plate and the support from the microwave oven and put it aside.
3. Locate the Roller Guide – The roller guide is located beneath the support. It’s a small plastic ring with rollers that help the plate rotate.
4. Check for Damage – Carefully examine the roller guide for any damage, like cracks or chips. If you see any damage, replace the roller guide with a new one.
5. Dirt and Debris – Overtime, dirt and debris can accumulate on the roller guide and cause the plate to stop rotating. Use a dry cloth to clean the roller guide thoroughly.
Here’s a table summarizing the steps to examine the roller guide:
|Steps to Examine the Roller Guide|
|1. Unplug the Microwave|
|2. Remove the Plate and the Support|
|3. Locate the Roller Guide|
|4. Check for Damage|
|5. Clean the Roller Guide|
If the roller guide is damaged, replace it with a new one to ensure your microwave plate continues to rotate smoothly.
Are you having trouble with your microwave buttons? You press and press, but nothing happens. It can be frustrating, especially when you’re in a rush to cook or reheat your food. Don’t worry, there are a few things you can do to fix this problem. Let’s explore some possible causes and solutions to get your microwave buttons back up and running in no time.
Clean the Control Panel
When the microwave buttons stop working, it can be frustrating. Sometimes the issue is as simple as a dirty control panel. In this case, you can easily solve the problem by following some simple steps to clean the control panel as follows:
|Step 1:||Unplug the microwave from the power source to avoid any electrical hazards.|
|Step 2:||Mix a cleaning solution. You can use warm water and mild dish soap. Dip a piece of cloth in the solution and wring it out.|
|Step 3:||Use the cloth to wipe the control panel. Be gentle, and don’t press too hard, as this can damage the panel. Focus on the buttons and the area around them.|
|Step 4:||Rinse the cloth in clean water, wring it out, and wipe the panel again to remove any soap residue.|
|Step 5:||Let the control panel air dry completely before plugging the microwave back in and using it again.|
By cleaning the control panel, you can clear any debris, dirt, or grime that could prevent the buttons from working correctly. If the control panel is too damaged to clean or the buttons still don’t work after cleaning, you may need to replace the control board.
Reset the Microwave
If your microwave buttons are not working, one quick solution you can try is to reset the microwave. This is a simple and easy process that can fix the issue in some cases. Here’s how you can do it:
Step 1: Unplug the microwave from the power source.
Step 2: Leave the microwave unplugged for at least a minute or two. This will allow the microwave to reset completely.
Step 3: Plug the microwave back in and test the buttons again.
If this method doesn’t work, there may be a bigger issue at play that requires professional assistance. In such cases, it’s best to contact a qualified technician to diagnose and repair the issue. However, attempting to reset the microwave is always a great first step to troubleshooting the problem.
Sometimes, electronic devices like microwaves can encounter minor glitches and errors that can be easily fixed with a simple reset. This is because a reset can clear any stored data or cache that may be causing the issue. Resetting the microwave is a cost-effective and convenient way to solve the problem before moving on to more complex repairs.
Resetting your microwave can be a quick and efficient solution to fix unresponsive buttons. However, if the problem persists, it’s important to seek professional help to avoid any further damage to your appliance.
Replace the Control Board
When the microwave buttons aren’t working, it’s possible that the control board is malfunctioning. If that’s the case, replacing it is the best solution.
Here are the steps to replace the control board:
- Make sure the microwave is unplugged and the capacitor is discharged
- Locate the control board, which is usually behind the control panel
- Disconnect the wiring harnesses and clips that are connected to the control board
- Remove any screws or bolts that are holding the control board in place
- Take out the old control board and replace it with a new one
- Reattach the wiring harnesses, clips, screws or bolts that you removed earlier
- Reassemble the microwave and plug it in to test if the buttons are working properly now
NOTE: Before replacing the control board, make sure to check for other possible causes of the problem like dirt or debris on the control panel or a simple reset of the microwave.
Microwave Sparks Inside
Have you ever experienced that startling moment when your microwave suddenly sparks inside, followed by a loud popping sound? It can be quite alarming, especially if you are not aware of what the cause may be. Sparks inside a microwave oven are not only dangerous but can also damage the appliance beyond repair. Don’t panic just yet, as this article will provide you with step-by-step solutions for addressing the most common reasons why a microwave sparks inside.